What is the origin of the color? What is the physiology of human vision? When we see something, what exactly it means? We need to go to some scientific experiments to find out the answers of these questions.
It was Sir Isaac Newton who experimented with the colors and the origin of the colors in 1666.
He concentrated on the nature of spectrum we find in the rainbow for his experiment. He achieved the same spectrum when he passed a beam of sunlight through a glass prism. Newton named these colors red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Another experiment was carried out by passing a spectrum through glass prism. The output came in the form of white light. The experiments were going on and the third was about the complementary colors. With the help of two prisms he produced different colors on the same spot having white background. The combinations of these colors were producing the color, which lies between two source colors in the spectrum. Isaac Newton came to some amazing conclusions after these experiments.
1. Color is not in the glass it is in the light
2. White light is a mixture of all the colors of the spectrum